EWG Level: 1
Carmine is the aluminum lake of the coloring agent, cochineal, a natural pigment derived from the dried female insect Coccus cacti (cochineal). In addition to its use in cosmetics and personal care products. Carmine is a bright red pigment made from cochineal. In cosmetics and personal care products, Carmine is used in the formulation of a wide variety of product types, including make up and nail polish. This ingredient is listed in the PETA’s Caring Consumer guide as a substance of animal origin.
Funtions: Colorant; Fragrance Ingredient
Ecological Concerns, “Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful” (Environment Canada Domestic Substance List)
Concerns, “Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food” (FDA Everything Added to Food)